According to the government agency’s second report on foreign residents, the total number of foreigners older than 15 is 1.12 million, up 1.1 percent from a year earlier. The rate of employment to the population of foreigners declined 3.5 percentage points to 67.5 percent.
The main reason for the decline was attributed to expired visas for a majority of foreign workers. The visas were effective for a maximum of four years and 10 months.
The number of foreigners with E-9 visas dropped 12,000 year-on-year. The E-9 visa is issued to those legally qualified to work in Korea, but who are not specialists or professionals. Holders of the visa usually work in the manufacturing, construction, service and agricultural sectors.
The number of people with H-2 visas slid 53,000.
The Ministry of Employment and Labor adopted a system to allow Korean expatriates living in China and other developing countries to enter the country in 2007. They were given H-2 visas for three years, which can be extended by 22 months.
These two groups accounted for the largest portion of foreign workers. The Employment Ministry sets the maximum number of foreigners eligible for these visas every year.
Among the employed, those with E-9 visas numbered 226,000 in May. There were 186,000 people with H-2 visas.
“As the expiration dates of H-2 visas issued in 2007 expired, the number of departing foreigners exceeded that of new entrants,” said Gong Mi-sook, director at the agency.
Korean-Chinese workers were the largest group with 331,000 people, followed by 76,000 Vietnamese. There were 55,000 Chinese workers, 47,000 North American workers and 29,000 Indonesians, data showed.
About 66 percent of the employed told the agency they are paid 1 million won ($942) to 2 million won a month, data showed. About 22 percent said they earned more than 2 million won per month, while 5.7 percent said they earned less than 1 million won.
Meanwhile, the population of non-working foreigners stood at 333,000, up 14.8 percent from last year. About 40 percent said they quit work due to household chores and child care. Roughly 26 percent said they just took a break.
“A noticeable difference from statistics on Koreans is that foreigners tend to be less willing to work,” Gong said. “But the figure for the non-working population doesn’t refer to workers who have given up finding jobs. We found that they just want rest for some time.”
She added the agency decided to conduct the annual survey in May instead of in June like it did last year because many foreigners leave for vacations in that month, making statistics less accurate.
The decreased number of workers was demonstrated in major industrial sectors like construction (minus 21,000), retailers and restaurants (minus 12,000), and agricultural and fisheries (minus 8,000).
BY SONG SU-HYUN [firstname.lastname@example.org]
Source: Korea Joong-ang Daily November 8, 2013 (http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2980125)